- The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender
- List of Contributors
- The Theological Study of Sexuality
- The Theological Study of Gender
- Doctrine and Sexuality
- Contributions from Biology
- Contributions from Psychology
- Contributions from Anthropology
- Contributions from Sociology
- Contributions from Philosophy
- Contributions from Queer Theory
- Marriage and Sexual Relations in the World of the Hebrew Bible
- Marriage and Sexual Relations in the New Testament World
- Same-Sex Relations in the Biblical World
- The Construction of Gender in the New Testament
- Desire and the Body in the Patristic Period
- Duns Scotus on the Female Gender
- Reproducing Medieval Christianity
- Chaste Bodies, Salacious Thoughts: The Sexual Trials of the Medieval Clergy
- Sex and Marriage in the Protestant Tradition, 1500–1900
- Conflicts Within the Roman Catholic Church
- Conflicts Within the Anglican Communion
- Pentecostal Churches and Homosexuality
- Theology and Practice in Evangelical Churches
- Conflicts Within the Black Churches
- Violence and Justice
- Sexual Pleasure
- Desire and Love
- People Beginning Sexual Experience
- Wives and Husbands
- Gay Affections
- Bisexual People
- Intersex and Transgender People
- Disabled People
- Friends and Friendship
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter provides an overview of anthropological research on the ways in which religions both construct and constrain gender and sexuality. Using examples drawn from a wide range of cultures, we divide our overview into three main sections, dealing with issues of ‘discipline’, ‘reproduction’, and ‘protest and change’ respectively. We therefore show how these themes raise questions relating to reinforcement or challenges to social and political systems, as well as to biological necessity. We explore reasons why gender and sexuality may be both linked and distinguished from each other. Some reflections on the role of gender in the writing of ethnographic texts are also provided, alongside considerations of the complementary roles of anthropology and theology in analysing gender and sexuality.
Simon Coleman, Chancellor Jackman Chaired Professor in the Department for the Study of Religion at the University of Toronto.
Anna Stewart, Associate Tutor, School of Global Studies at the University of Sussex.
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