Abstract and Keywords
The trend of population ageing encourages a search for workable interventions to support older adults in ageing successfully. Yet, the question remains: how can successful ageing best be approached in interventions and policy? There is an increasing awareness that ageing does not just encompass physical domains, but also social and psychological domains. Additionally, the possible strengths inherent in ageing are being recognized, in addition to deficits. Four important models and theories incorporate these new insights: Ryff’s model of Psychological Well-being, the model of Selection, Optimization and Compensation (SOC), the Motivational Theory of Life-span Development, and the theory of Self-management of Well-being (SMW). These models each add to a deeper understanding of ageing well. However, the SMW theory is especially usable in interventions, because it is the most explicit about potential criteria of ‘success’ and it specifies concrete self-management abilities that—when explicitly linked to basic human physical and social needs—support successful ageing. Interventions, based on the SMW theory, are discussed with respect to their applications in social and health-care settings.
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