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date: 15 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Lutheran and Reformed sacramental theology between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries presents a rich but understudied topic for examination. During this period of sophisticated doctrinal development and change, we witness the transition from a theology that sought to expound and defend Reformation era teaching regarding baptism and the Lord’s Supper within the context of a scholastic dogmatics to a theology that sought to rehabilitate Protestant sacramental teaching under the conditions of the Enlightenment. In a manner consistent with their different confessional emphases and conceptual frameworks, these theologies identify baptism and the Lord’s Supper as divinely instituted means of grace: instruments whereby God communicates Christ and his benefits to creatures through creatures in accordance with his promise.

Keywords: baptism, infant baptism, Lord’s Supper, Lutheran, Protestant orthodoxy, Reformed, sacraments, sacramental efficacy

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