- The Oxford Handbook of Skills and Training
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: Skills and Training: Multiple Targets, Shifting Terrain
- Disciplinary Perspectives on Skill
- Skill Builders and the Evolution of National Vocational Training Systems
- The Changing Meaning of Skill: Still Contested, Still Important
- A New Social Construction of Skill
- Measuring Job Content: Skills, Technology, and Management Practices
- Accreditation and Assessment in Vocational Education and Training
- Education and Qualifications as Skills
- Pre-Employment Skill Formation in Australia and Germany
- Skill Development in Middle-level Occupations: The Role of Apprenticeship Training
- What Is Expected of Higher Education Graduates in the Twenty-first Century?
- Employer-Led In-Work Training and Skill Formation: The Challenges of Multi-Varied and Contingent Phenomena
- Unions, the Skills Agenda, and Workforce Development
- A Working Lifetime of Skill and Training Needs
- Skill Under-utilization
- Business Strategies and Skills
- Measuring Skills Stock, Job Skills, and Skills Mismatch
- The Individual Benefits of Investing in Skills
- The Economic and Social Benefits of Skills
- Theorizing Skill Formation in the Global Economy
- Different National Skill Systems
- Skill Ecosystems
- Employment Systems, Skills, and Knowledge
- Skill Demands and Developments in the Advanced Economies
- Approaches to Skills in the Asian Developmental States
- Emerging Economic Powers: The Transformation of the Skills Systems in China and India
- Projecting the Impact of Information Technology on Work and Skills in the 2030s
- International Skill Flows and Migration
- Professional Skills: Impact of Comparative Political Economy
- Skills and Training for the Older Population: Training the New Work Generation
- Rethinking Skills Development: Moving Beyond Competency-Based Training
- Who Pays for Skills?: Differing Perspectives on Who Should Pay and Why
- Current Challenges: Policy Lessons and Implications
- Author Index
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter critically appraises the different types of international and national skills data currently available in terms of the underlying concepts of skill and the collection techniques used. It focuses on three ways of measuring skills using surveys. The first measures the skills held by a given group of individuals -- the skills stock. The second focuses on the skills required to do the job competently -- job skills, and the third uncovers mismatches between skills supply and skills demand. In doing so, the chapter reviews the strengths and weaknesses of the survey tools and concepts which have been developed, and pieces together some of main findings which have emerged. The chapter therefore equips readers with the necessary tools to navigate their own way through the myriad of datasets available and the measures they use.
Alan Felstead is Research Professor at Cardiff School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University in the United Kingdom. He has published numerous books and articles on skills, training, and employment. Recent books include Improving Working as Learning, co-authored with Alison Fuller, Nick Jewson, and Lorna Unwin (Routledge, 2009), and Unequal Work in Britain (Oxford University Press, 2015), co-edited with Duncan Gallie and Francis Green.
Duncan Gallie is Professor of Sociology, University of Oxford, and Emeritus Fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford. His research has examined the changing nature of job quality both in Britain and Europe, the social consequences of unemployment, and attitudes to inequality. He recently published a comparative study of the effects of economic crisis on work and employment relations in Europe, titled Economic Crisis, Quality of Work and Social Integration (Oxford University Press, 2013). He has been Vice-President and Foreign Secretary of the British Academy.
Francis Green is Professor of Work and Education Economics at the LLAKES Centre, UCL Institute of Education, London. His research focuses on skills, training, work quality, and industrial relations issues. His most recent book is Skills and Skilled Work: An Economic and Social Analysis (Oxford University Press, 2013). In recent years he has been an expert advisor on skills-related issues to the OECD and the European Union, and to the UK and Singapore governments.
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