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date: 06 July 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the pursuit of livelihood opportunities by refugees and other forced migrants outside camps. Drawing on a theory of ‘displaced livelihoods’ in relation to forced migration, it examines how the livelihoods of the forcibly displaced differ from those of other migrants and stresses the need to reconceptualize and restructure traditionally conceived and targeted refugee programmes such that they support not only the refugees but also their hosts. In addition to the evolving theory of livelihoods and poverty, it discusses social exclusion theory and civil society, livelihood activities in refugee camps, and legal status and documentation of refugees before concluding with some recommendations regarding future advocacy, programming, and research.

Keywords: refugees, forced migrants, displaced livelihoods, livelihoods, poverty, social exclusion theory, forced migration, refugee camps, civil society

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