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date: 28 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines apolitical mono-causal depictions of ‘climate-induced displacement’ by focusing on communities whose livelihoods are differently affected by processes of environmental stress on the basis of their position within diverse systems of power. More specifically, it considers how the environment influences mobility decisions in the context of environmental stress such as climate change. It looks at the experiences of four countries—Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Ghana—to illustrate how (im)mobility decisions in terms of structures of political and social power and disempowerment affect the livelihoods of vulnerable households. It also discusses how the exercise of power differs across different social groups and concludes with a reflection on the legitimization, maintenance, and contestation of power structures.

Keywords: displacement, livelihoods, environmental stress, power, environment, mobility decisions, climate change, Bangladesh, disempowerment, social groups

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