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date: 06 July 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the interrelationships between forced migration, trafficking, and smuggling and problematizes the binary between voluntary and forced migration. After providing an overview of the history of anti-trafficking legislation policies, including the landmark Trafficking Protocol of 2000, it turns to a discussion of how force and coercion have been understood and debated depending on whether trafficking is viewed as a problem of prostitution or of forced labour. It then explores how the focus on migration raises complex issues for both states and activists, with reference to trafficking and labour migrants as well as trafficking and asylum. Finally, the chapter considers the politics of trafficking.

Keywords: forced migration, trafficking, smuggling, anti-trafficking, legislation, Trafficking Protocol of 2000, prostitution, forced labour, asylum, politics

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