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date: 20 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses German Pietism as a religious, social, and cultural reform movement from the late seventeenth to the end of the eighteenth century. Based on a millenarian and as a consequence positive vision of future religious and ecclesiastical renewal, it aimed for a better society. Pietist anthropology was based on education, individual responsibility, and self-improvement. Every human being should be born again including women and men, socially marginalized, and non-Christians. Innovative forms of sociability named conventicle, intensive reading of religious literature, a new pattern of individuation, as well as a sophisticated media policy characterized the Pietist project. Pietism contributed to modern society through its part in the religious Enlightenment.

Keywords: Pietism, reform movement, conventicle, gender, millenarianism, education, individuation, writing, media policy, network

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