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date: 26 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter shows that the ecclesiological concepts of the Magisterial Reformers were not monolithic. Yet although they differed from each other and each had characteristic traits, they shared their basic theological presuppositions. The theology of Martin Luther deeply influenced all other Reformers, Magisterial and Radical. The ecclesiology of Luther is the major subject of this chapter, but the ecclesiologies of Philipp Melanchthon and Jean Calvin, the other most important and influential Magisterial Reformers, are also expounded. A relatively broad picture of Luther’s ecclesiology will enable us to see which convictions Melanchthon and Calvin shared with him, as well as where they took their own road, especially in moving beyond Luther’s dynamic understanding of the church to a more institutional concept.

Keywords: ecclesiology, John Calvin, justification, Magisterial Reformers, Martin Luther, ministry, ordination, Philipp Melanchthon, predestination, priesthood of all believers

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