- The Oxford Handbook of Distributive Justice
- Introduction: The Idea of Distributive Justice
- Rawls on Distributive Justice and the Difference Principle
- Dworkin and Luck Egalitarianism: A Comparison
- Equality Versus Priority
- Sufficiency and Needs-Based Approaches
- The Capability Approach
- Libertarianism, Left and Right
- Desert-Based Justice
- Retributive Justice
- The Good Society
- The Ethics of Care
- The Theory and Politics of Recognition
- Distributive Justice and Human Nature
- Political and Distributive Justice
- Consequentialism, Deontology, Contractualism, and Equality
- Ideal Theory
- Constructivism, Intuitionism, and Ecumenism
- Conceptual Analysis and Distributive Justice
- The Family
- Public Goods
- Cultural and Religious Minorities
- Justice Across Borders
- Climate Change
- Future Generations
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses gender in relation to the most influential current accounts of distributive justice. There are various disparities in the benefits and burdens of social cooperation between women and men, in the family, the workplace and more widely. Which of these disparities, if any, one identifies as indicative of gender injustice will depend on the theory of distributive justice that one endorses. Theoretical decisions concerning the role of personal responsibility, the goods whose distribution is relevant for justice, and the site of justice—institutions-only or individual behaviour, too—all influence how one thinks about gender justice. New directions for research on this topic are suggested.
Anca Gheaus is Ramon y Cajal researcher at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona. She is interested in the relevance of caring relationships for theories of distributive justice, and has published work on gender justice, parental rights and duties, the value of the family, and methodological issues in political philosophy. She edited a special issue of the Journal of Applied Philosophy on the nature and value of childhood, and is a coeditor of The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Childhood and Children.
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