Abstract and Keywords
Starting from the complementarity of healing rituals and professional medicine, in this contribution I will first analyse the working of incubation in Epidauros and show that patients sought ritual help for a disease that doctors were unable to address. The Phrygian confession stelai explain the same range of afflictions as the result of divine punishment for human transgression, and introduce sacrifice and public confession as the way to healing. Finally, I present cases for epidemics and pandemics that were explained and addressed in the same way, from the plague in Iliad I, to the epidemics addressed in a series of inscriptions from Claros.
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