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date: 19 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the doctrinal content and theological significance of the Councils of Nicaea, Ephesus, and Chalcedon. It does so by noting the doctrinal development and counciliar affirmation of three essential Christological truths: (1) It is truly the Son of God who is man. (2) It is truly man that the Son of God is. (3) The Son of God truly is man. Within this context, this chapter emphasizes the ontological nature of the creeds and statements of the various Councils and, thus, that they definitively articulate the metaphysical nature of the mystery of the Incarnation. It likewise examines a number of contemporary Christological issues that flow from the doctrinal content of Nicaea, Ephesus, and Chalcedon.

Keywords: Nicaea, Ephesus, Chalcedon, Christological truth, Incarnation

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