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date: 26 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The Christological controversy of the sixteenth century revolved around the altar. This is especially true for Martin Luther, whose Christology was tied to the worship of Christ in the mass. This chapter begins by articulating the central place of the mass, not only in mediaeval piety, but also for Luther and his Christological thought. It then proceeds to demonstrate how Luther developed his view of Christ’s sole atoning work, predominantly in dialogue with the Catholic view of the sacrifice of the mass. For Luther the mass was not one of many atoning works, but a testament tied to Christ’s one-time sacrifice. Lastly, this chapter makes evident how, in dialogue with Swiss Protestants, Luther articulated his view of Christ’s presence in worship, which led to his emphasis on the unity of Christ’s two natures. It was within these Eucharistic discussions that Luther developed his Christology doxologically.

Keywords: Martin Luther, Eucharist, mass, Christology, two natures, atonement

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