Abstract and Keywords
Austronesian is the second largest language family on earth in number of languages, and had the widest geographical extent of any language family prior to the modern era. For these reasons it shows great typological diversity in word-formation processes, ranging from extremely elaborate systems of affixation in Philippine-type languages to systems that depend far more on compounding in some of the languages of Melanesia. Some of the more striking devices used in word formation include subtractive morphology in vocative forms, stress shifts as signalers of word-class change, and an extremely rich inventory of reduplication processes, including several that are theoretically unexpected, as well as the active use of triplication as a process that is distinct from serial reduplication.
Keywords: actor voice infix, direct passive suffix, local passive suffix, instrumental/benefactive passive prefix, Philippine-type languages, perfective infix, subtractive morphology, suprasegmental affixes, compounding, Ca- reduplication
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