- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Derivational Morphology
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- Introduction: The Scope of the Handbook
- Delineating Derivation and Inflection
- Delineating Derivation and Compounding
- Theoretical Approaches to Derivation
- Productivity, Blocking, and Lexicalization
- Methodological Issues in Studying Derivation
- Experimental and Psycholinguistic Approaches
- Concatenative Derivation
- Non-Concatenative Derivation: Reduplication
- Non-Concatenative Derivation: Other Processes
- Nominal Derivation
- Verbal Derivation
- Adjectival and Adverbial Derivation
- Evaluative Derivation
- Derivation and Function Words
- Polysemy in Derivation
- Derivational Paradigms
- Affix Ordering in Derivation
- Derivation and Historical Change
- Derivation in a Social Context
- Acquisition of Derivational Morphology
- Areal Tendencies in Derivation
- Universals in Derivation
- Language Index
- Name Index
- Subject Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
The chapter provides a survey of derivational processes in Uralic; predominantly suffixing. The most salient derivational patterns in Finnish, Mordvin, Mari, Permic, Hungarian, and Nenets are discussed in some detail. Multifunctional suffixes are frequent, occurring mostly with nouns and adjectives. Deverbal suffixes are more varied than denominal suffixes and denominal suffixes are richer than deadjectival suffixes. Throughout Uralic the following functions of derivation are well represented: deverbal agent and action nouns, deverbal verbs, denominal or deadjectival causative or translative verbs, deadjectival (abstract) nouns and denominal relational and privative adjectives, diminutive noun derivation. Adverbs are distinct from adjectives.The boundary between nouns and adjectives is not clear-cut. In some cases the relationship between two categories may be analyzed as conversion. Reduplication is not typical but may occur (in Hungarian particle reduplication, in Permic and Mari the repetition of whole words). Back-formation, blending, and clipping are not characteristic features of Uralic.
Ferenc Kiefer was born on May 24, 1931, in Apatin. He studied mathematics, German and French linguistics. From 1973 until his retirement in 2001 he was research professor at the Research Institute for Linguistics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. His research interests include morphology, semantics (esp. lexical semantics), and pragmatics (esp. the semantics-pragmatics interface). He is member of several learned societies and academies (Hungarian Academy of Sciences (1987), Academia Europaea (1993), Austrian Academy of Sciences (1995), Honorary Member of the Linguistic Society of America (1996), Honorary Member of the Philological Society of Great Britain (1998)). He received an honorary doctorate from the University of Stockholm (1992), from the Université de Paris 13 (2001) and from the University of Szeged (2006).
Johanna Laakso, born 1962, studied Finnic languages, Finno-Ugric and general linguistics at the University of Helsinki and defended her PhD thesis at the University of Helsinki in 1990. Since 2000 she holds the chair of Finno-Ugric language studies at the University of Vienna. Her main research interests include historical and comparative Finno-Ugric linguistics, morphology (in particular, word formation), contact linguistics and multilingualism, and gender linguistics.
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