- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Derivational Morphology
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- Introduction: The Scope of the Handbook
- Delineating Derivation and Inflection
- Delineating Derivation and Compounding
- Theoretical Approaches to Derivation
- Productivity, Blocking, and Lexicalization
- Methodological Issues in Studying Derivation
- Experimental and Psycholinguistic Approaches
- Concatenative Derivation
- Non-Concatenative Derivation: Reduplication
- Non-Concatenative Derivation: Other Processes
- Nominal Derivation
- Verbal Derivation
- Adjectival and Adverbial Derivation
- Evaluative Derivation
- Derivation and Function Words
- Polysemy in Derivation
- Derivational Paradigms
- Affix Ordering in Derivation
- Derivation and Historical Change
- Derivation in a Social Context
- Acquisition of Derivational Morphology
- Areal Tendencies in Derivation
- Universals in Derivation
- Language Index
- Name Index
- Subject Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
Neither irregular morphological phenomena nor degrees of morphological productivity are susceptible to discrete methods of analysis. The relative productivity of word-formation rules cannot be accounted for by simple morphological blocking or synonymy avoidance. We review a variety of scalar measures of productivity that have been proposed, most prominently the use of measures based on hapax legomena, words that occur only once in a corpus. Electronic dictionaries allow for the study of morphological patterns that have become more or less productive over time and show how the niche in which a given pattern thrives can emerge and change. Dictionary methods are especially useful for investigating how one language can borrow an affix from another. The web and associated large corpora such as Google Books constitute rich resources for analyzing the synchronic productivity of rival affixes in a given language, again demonstrating the value of conceiving morphological productivity in terms of competition.
Mark Aronoff is Distinguished Professor of Linguistics at Stony Brook University. His research touches on almost all aspects of morphology and its relations to phonology, syntax, semantics, and psycholinguistics. For the last dozen years he has been a member of a team studying a newly-created sign language, Al-Sayyid Bedouin Sign Language. From 1995 to 2001, he served as Editor of Language, the Journal of the Linguistic Society of America.
Mark Lindsay earned his Ph.D. from Stony Brook University. His dissertation research focused on exploring productivity and self-organization in the lexicon using corpora and evolutionary modeling. His published work has dealt with gathering and analyzing suffix productivity using the World Wide Web and dictionaries, as well as pop culture linguistic phenomena, such as American English iz-infixation and the German Inflektiv (or Erikativ).
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