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date: 09 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores such topics as the Quaker doctrine of the Light, and their views on Christology, the Doctrine of God, and trinitarianism more generally. Among Christians, Quakers are relatively unusual in the extent to which their Christology depends on the relatively impersonal and universalist-tending conception of the Light. The early Quaker view of the Trinity, according to Penn, was not Nicene but Sabellian. Organized in chronological fashion, the chapter emphasizes the diversity that developed in Quaker interpretations of the Light and Christ, from the nineteenth-century forwards. The doctrine of God also varied widely between relatively classical and orthodox views to the non-theist views held by some Quakers in the early twenty-first century. Quakers in the Global South, however, maintain strong theist and Christocentric views, as do most Quakers in North America.

Keywords: God, Light of Christ, inner light, Christ, Holy Spirit, trinity, seed, measure, atonement, universalism, covenant, non-theism

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