Abstract and Keywords
This chapter offers an overview of the research on Islamist radicalization in Europe. It first discusses the definition of radicalization and the context and empirical manifestations of Islamist terrorism in Europe. It then engages in a critical assessment of conceptualizations and explanatory theoretical approaches from the perspectives of social movements, individual psychology, discourse, communities, culture, and identity. Subsequently, it outlines the main elements of debate surrounding ‘home-grown’ radicalization, the role of the Internet, radicalization hubs, religion, and deradicalization. The chapter concludes by highlighting the main accomplishments in the field, in particular the emphasis on pathways, socialization processes and narratives, and the destigmatization of Muslim communities in Europe.
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