Abstract and Keywords
This chapter surveys the state of knowledge on six key topics of studies on Islam in Bosnia and Herzegovina: the Islamization process, the encounter of Bosnian Muslims (Bosniaks) with modernity, the Bosnian Islamic tradition, Bosnian institutions, the religious revival, and ethnic cleansing and genocide. Research on Islamic history and heritage in Bosnia and Bosniak national identity development accounted for most of this scholarship prior to the 1990s. Since then genocide and security studies have been more prominent. The Islamic tradition of Bosnia is insufficiently studied but already features as an asset that other European Muslim communities may benefit from. Islamic revival has brought Bosnia into the focus of numerous security studies which have generally exaggerated the role of foreign factors. The ethnic cleansing and genocide that took place in the 1990s are attracting considerable attention but the full picture of their impact is far from complete.
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