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date: 20 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Luther’s anthropology emerged from his engagement with Aristotle’s understanding of the human being as a ‘rational animal’ and his study of the Psalms and the New Testament, which led him to define humanness as ‘being in relationship with another person than the self’ in reliance on that person, grounding the self on that person. ‘Spirit’ became for him faith’s relationship to God, heart, or conscience. Sin became at its heart the failure to trust God. Sinful reason inevitably overestimates its capability. Faith in God leads to fulfilling God-designed roles in human society, to which God calls individuals. The human will is bound because by virtue of creation human beings are passive and receptive in relation to the Creator.

Keywords: anthropology, faith, trust, sin, flesh and spirit, bound will, Christian callings

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