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date: 05 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Luther’s view of sin reflects the variety of biblical terms used to describe evil. The essence of sin or unrighteousness for him (original sin) lies in lack of trust in God, which corrupts all of human nature. The desires turned against God, concupiscence, permeate human thinking and remain as sin after baptism. Sin is inherited from Adam and Eve and consists of each person’s doubt of God’s Word. This ‘radical (root) sin’ produces disobedience and places sinners under God’s wrath. Luther stresses human responsibility for sin but also focuses on the struggle against Satan’s continuing temptation even though God remains Lord of Satan as well.

Keywords: sin, evil, original sin, radical sin, concupiscence, God’s wrath, Satan

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