Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 27 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The peculiar polarization between pietism’s affective ‘theology of the heart’ and the Enlightenment’s rationalistic philosophical theology, both resting on foundationalist bases, resulted in these rival movements’ criticism of certain elements of Luther’s thought and appropriation and adaptation of other elements. For different reasons both viewed Luther as a man who misunderstood himself and failed to depart sufficiently from medieval Catholicism. In a more peaceful Europe, with various kinds of progress at hand, neither movement could grasp the apocalyptic eschatology at the heart of Luther’s efforts. Deeper, more precise analysis of Luther’s thought can speak to changes in modern scholarly estimates of religious spirituality and rational mastery of reality.

Keywords: foundationalism, rationalism, pietism, Philipp Jakob Spener, August Hermann Francke, Samuel Pufendorf, Christian Thomasius, Johann Arndt

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.