Abstract and Keywords
Luther connected the work of the Holy Spirit closely and inseparably to his use of the Word of God in oral, written, and sacramental forms to create and sustain the church and to convert sinners into God’s children and to preserve them in faith. God himself had bound himself to his Word. This led Luther to emphasize use of biblical languages in studying Scripture. He rejected the spiritualists’ dismissal of the necessity or importance of external means as tools of the Spirit. The Spirit creates faith and brings good works forth from faith. Luther assumed the traditional Western teaching on the person of the Holy Spirit (including the filioque) and used the Augustinian distinction of the Spirit as ‘person’ and ‘gift’.
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