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date: 08 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

As professor of Bible Luther employed traditional sources (the Vulgate, Nicholas of Lyra, patristic authors, contemporary traditional exegetes) and traditional exegetical methods, from both scholastic and monastic schools of interpreting. Although he never abandoned allegorical interpretation completely, it ceased to dominate his exegesis, which came to depend on the distinction of the law as demand for human performance and faith in the promises of Christ, as he transformed Augustine’s understanding of the contrast of ‘letter’ and ‘spirit’. He appreciated the ‘brooks’ of patristic and later commentary on Scripture but gave unchallenged authority to the ‘spring’, the source of those commentaries in the Scriptures themselves.

Keywords: biblical hermeneutics, medieval exegesis, Church Fathers, Glossa ordinaria, Nicholas of Lyra

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