Abstract and Keywords
Nineteenth and early twentieth-century philosophers, theologians, and historians interpreted Luther’s person and thought within the context of their own systems of belief, providing a wide and contradictory spectrum of applications of his theology and perceptions of his person and its significance for German and world history. The nineteenth century witnessed a honing of historical skills that delved more deeply into the sixteenth-century sources. His ‘demonic’ personality fascinated modern thinkers, whose differing analyses attributed a number of roles to him. With the Luther Renaissance led by Karl Holl, came new impetus to the historical investigation and application of his thought to contemporary questions.
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