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date: 28 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Nineteenth and early twentieth-century philosophers, theologians, and historians interpreted Luther’s person and thought within the context of their own systems of belief, providing a wide and contradictory spectrum of applications of his theology and perceptions of his person and its significance for German and world history. The nineteenth century witnessed a honing of historical skills that delved more deeply into the sixteenth-century sources. His ‘demonic’ personality fascinated modern thinkers, whose differing analyses attributed a number of roles to him. With the Luther Renaissance led by Karl Holl, came new impetus to the historical investigation and application of his thought to contemporary questions.

Keywords: Johann Georg Hamann, Ludwig Feuerbach, Leopold Ranke, historicism, Albrecht Ritschl, Adolf von Harnack, confessionalism, Roman Catholic Luther research, Luther Renaissance

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