Abstract and Keywords
Modern Roman Catholic study of Luther by Heinrich Denifle and Hartmut Grisar employed fresh historical research but repeated the harsh critical tone inaugurated by Johannes Cochlaeus in the sixteenth century. Josef Lortz pioneered a new appraisal of Luther, from a Thomist perspective, critical of his Ockhamism but appreciative of his effort for needed reform. Positive voices from French and North American scholars expanded Lortz’s approach. The ‘golden years’ of Roman Catholic Luther research following Vatican Council II went beyond historical research to seeking ways to incorporate Luther’s theological insights into Catholic thinking. Currently, significant research on Luther’s medieval roots, e.g., in Bernard of Clairvaux, remains a very important aspect of Roman Catholic Luther studies.
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