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date: 28 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Phenomenology is a descriptive empiricism that seeks to describe human experience in all of its various modes. It is an epistemology that seeks to understand the nature and limits of human understanding; or rather, it is a series of diverse accounts of what human knowledge is and can be. Hegel and Husserl are two exemplars of the Cartesian quest for certainty, either on a foundationalist model (Husserl) or a holistic model (Hegel). Post-Husserlian phenomenology is a series of departures from Husserl that represent various ways of making the transition to postmodern philosophy. This chapter examines the contributions of Heidegger, Gadamer, Ricoeur, Lévinas, and Marion, with particular focus on how phenomenology impacts the question of God.

Keywords: human knowledge, Hegel, Edmund Husserl, postmodern philosophy, Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Paul Ricoeur, Emmanuel Lévinas, Jean-Luc Marion, God

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