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date: 06 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines ways in which children’s phonological processes converge with and diverge from those attested in adult grammars. Processes in segmental and prosodic phonology are examined. The starting point is the formal literature, where children’s grammars are typically viewed as systems that respect the same principles and constraints as adult grammars. As children are shown to display unexpected patterns in development from the perspective of adult language typology, a central question that is addressed is whether children’s systems differ in fundamental ways from adult grammars or whether unexpected patterns in production can be explained by examining how perceptual and motor development interface with the acquisition of an adult-like phonological grammar.

Keywords: phonology, child-adult asymmetries, rogue grammars, Optimality Theory, markedness, motor development, perceptual development, covert contrast

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