- The Early Stages: Pre-1910
- Laying the Foundations: 1910–1948
- Pivotal Years: 1948–1965
- Intense Activity: 1965–1990
- Consolidation and Challenge: 1990—Present
- Pentecostal and Charismatic
- Mission and Evangelism
- Faith and Order
- World Council of Churches
- Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity
- Bilateral Dialogues
- Chevetogne, Taizé, and the Groupe des Dombes
- United and Uniting Churches
- Regional and National Councils of Churches
- Interchurch Families
- Week of Prayer for Christian Unity
- Global Christian Forum
- Britain and Ireland
- United States of America
- Latin America
- The Middle East
- The Unity We Seek
- In Search of a Way
- Method in Ecumenism
- Kenotic Ecumenism
Abstract and Keywords
The last seventy years have seen many dialogues between Roman Catholics and Protestants (mainly, but not exclusively, Lutherans) on the doctrine of justification. This article surveys eight of these dialogues, their culmination in the 1999 Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, and the impact of this last document. Also considered are nine doctrinal issues raised by the dialogues: justification as the chief article of faith; human incapacity; the definition of justification; why we are accounted righteous; remaining sin in the Christian; faith alone; lapse and restoration; merit and reward; and assurance of salvation. The conclusion is that considerable progress has been made in clearing up misunderstandings and that the two sides have drawn together. It remains to be seen how solid and lasting is this achievement.
Anthony N. S. Lane is Professor of Historical Theology at London School of Theology.
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