- The Man and the Myth
- Paul the ‘Convert’?
- Paul the Missionary
- Paul the Theologian
- Paul the Apostle
- Archaeology and the Pauline Letters
- Paul among Jews, Greeks, and Romans
- Paul and the Construction of Early Christian Identity
- Paul and Economic Resources
- Paul the Philosopher
- Paul and Religion
- The Pauline Letters in Contemporary Research
- The Deutero-Pauline Letters in Contemporary Research
- Paul the Letter Writer
- Rhetoric and Argumentation in the Letters of Paul
- The Text of the Pauline Corpus
- The Formation of the Pauline Corpus
- Paul and Scripture
- Paul and Jesus
- Justification by Faith
- Participation in Christ
- Grace/Gift in Paul
- Paul and <i>Pistis Christou</i>
- Ethos and Community
- Cosmology and Eschatology
- Social-Scientific Approaches to Paul
- Paul and Ethnicity
- Paul and Politics
- Paul and Postcolonial Studies
- Paul and Feminism
- Paul and Sexuality
- Paul and Theological Interpretation
- Paul and Reception History
Abstract and Keywords
E. P. Sanders’ reconstruction of ancient Judaism resulted in an increasing interest in Paul’s relation to Judaism. While scholars before Sanders commonly assumed that Paul converted to Christianity and thus developed a religious identity separate from Judaism, Sanders’ view of Judaism as a religion of grace forced scholars to problematize Paul’s relation to his religious identity. Three major scholarly trends can be distinguished. Some scholars maintain, in spite of Sanders, that Paul rejected Judaism and developed a ‘Christian’ identity of sorts. Others take an intermediate position, arguing that Paul only repudiated those parts of Jewish tradition that separated Jews from non-Jews while otherwise being basically faithful to his religious heritage. Finally and most recently, still other scholars argue that Paul remained fully Jewish after becoming a follower of Jesus and that, consequently, he never developed a religious identity separated from Judaism.
Magnus Zetterholm is Associate Professor in New Testament Studies at Lund University. He specializes in Pauline studies and the relation between Jews and non-Jews within the early Jesus movement. He is the author of The Formation of Christianity in Antioch (Routledge, 2003) and Approaches to Paul (Fortress, 2009), among other studies.
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