Abstract and Keywords
Three views of the orientation of the perceptual field are discussed. According to the simple orientation view, the perceptual field itself is an absolute space, and the positions of perceptual objects are intrinsic phenomenal qualities. The sophisticated orientation view rejects the claim that perceived space is intrinsically oriented, and locates the apparent orientation of the perceptual field at the level of egocentric perceptual modes of presentation. Finally, the no-orientation view proposes that the orientation of the perceptual field is due to post-perceptual (e.g. memory) processes. In conclusion, it is suggested that the notion of a frame of reference can be applied at three different levels: the ontological level of perceived position, the conscious level of how perceived position is presented to the subject, and the subpersonal level of the cognitive mechanisms underlying conscious perception.
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