- The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350–1750
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Maps
- List of Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: ‘Early Modern’ Europe and the Idea of Early Modernity
- The Cartographic Emergence of Europe?
- Weather, Climate, and the Environment
- Disease and Medicine
- Historical Demography
- Travel and Communications
- Languages and Literacy
- Printing and Printedness
- A Revolution in Information?
- Economic and Social Trends
- The Social Order
- Households and Family Systems
- Social Roles and Individual Identities
- Consumption and Material Life
- The Agrarian West
- The Agrarian East
- Country and Town in Mediterranean Europe
- Towns and Urbanization
- The Christian Church, 1370<i>–</i>1550
- Protestantism and its Adherents
- Early Modern Catholicism
- The World of Eastern Orthodoxy
- The Transformations of Judaism
- Islam and Muslims in Europe
- Cultures of Peoples
- Belief and its Limits
- Index of Names and Places
- Index of Subjects
Abstract and Keywords
The first section of this chapter introduces thinkers who have deeply influenced past and present understandings of roles and identity, such as Karl Marx, Thomas Carlyle, Michel Foucault, Judith Butler, and others and also discusses the impact of the social reform movements of the 1960s upon historians’ efforts to understand these issues. The second section of the chapter deals with hierarchy and role differentiation in the early modern period, especially with respect to gender, race, and noble status (or lack of it). It critically assesses claims about the ‘rise of the self’ in the early modern period and it also looks in greater depth at several representative early modern social roles. The final section of the chapter discusses the ways greater geographical mobility, growing literacy, the ‘consumer revolution’ and the rise of the fiscal–military state affected social roles and selfhood and individual identity, both prescriptively and in practice.
Margaret R. Hunt, History, Uppsala University, Sweden.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.