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date: 17 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the different facets of Spanish fascism. The Spanish fascist project was essentially secular. For perhaps the first time on the Spanish right, fascism offered a radical break with the past. The reliance on religion, which had for some time defined the essential difference between left and right in Spain, was reworked to make Catholicism a national attribute. Francoism, meanwhile, was a hybrid, the result of a profound dialectic that existed between all sections of the anti-republican right during the 1930s. Fascism provided the dynamism, rhetoric, and mobilizing force that proved to be invaluable assets during the Civil War, while the Falange Española peopled Franco's New State as soldiers, killers, leaders, and officials. Falangism always existed within a wider and more general right-wing discourse and ideology that may have eventually undermined an identifiable fascism, but which had also brought it into existence in the first place.

Keywords: Falange Española, fascism, Catholic, Francoism, religion

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