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date: 24 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter presents the major figures of British idealism who wrote on religion, identifies and discusses some of the dominant themes in their work, and discusses how they engaged in, or (through their understanding of religion) contributed to, a philosophy of religion. It is argued that there is a development in reflection on religion in idealist thought in Britain in the 19th century: from a first generation, including J.F. Ferrier J.H. Stirling, and Benjamin Jowett, through a second generation (John and Edward Caird and Thomas Hill Green), to a final phase: a metaphysics of the Absolute found in the absolute idealists F.H. Bradley and Bernard Bosanquet and an ethical theism in the personal idealist Andrew Seth Pringle-Pattison. While acknowledging the differences among these authors, the chapter concludes by identifying some common characteristics in British idealist thought on religion.

Keywords: Faith, religion, the Absolute, personal idealism, absolute idealism, theism, doctrine, Biblical criticism, self realization, consciousness, individuality, morality, Eternal Consciousness, divine personality, God, J.F. Ferrier, J.H. Stirling, Benjamin Jowe

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