- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Modality and Mood
- The Contributors
- Surveying Modality and Mood: An Introduction
- The History of Modality and Mood
- Analyses of the Modal Meanings
- Interactions between Modality and Other Semantic Categories
- Analyses of the Semantics of Mood
- The Expression of Non-Epistemic Modal Categories
- The Expression of Epistemic Modality
- Sentence Types
- The Linguistic Marking of (Ir)Realis and Subjunctive
- The Linguistic Interaction of Mood with Modality and Other Categories
- Modality and Mood in Iroquoian
- Modality and Mood in Chadic
- Modality and Mood in Sinitic
- Modality and Mood in Oceanic
- Modality and Mood in Standard Average European
- The Diachrony of Modality and Mood
- Areality in Modality and Mood
- Modality and Mood in First Language Acquisition
- Modality and Mood in American Sign Language
- Modality and Mood in Formal Syntactic Approaches
- Modality and Mood in Functional Linguistic Approaches
- Modality and Mood in Cognitive Linguistics and Construction Grammars
- Modality and Mood in Formal Semantics
- Person index
- Language index
- Subject index
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter deals with the morphosyntactic and distributional properties of subjunctive and irrealis, with a special focus on their mutual relation and on their relation with indicative and realis in terms of markedness. More complex systems in which there are other moods besides the realis/irrealis (or indicative/subjunctive) dichotomy (e.g. potential, conditional, etc.) are also discussed. The topic is addressed from a terminological, typological, and diachronic perspective, illustrating the most influential approaches to these two linguistic notions. In discussing their phenomenology, it is shown that the distributional differences may in some cases be explained by considering the diachronic development of subjunctives and irrealis forms (both in terms of the identification of their diachronic sources and in terms of how these markers spread throughout different subparts of the functional domain of modality).
Caterina Mauri is Assistant Professor in Linguistics at the University of Pavia, Italy. She received the Joseph Greenberg Award in 2009 for the best PhD thesis in linguistic typology, an area which remains at the centre of her research interests. She mainly works on connectives, modality, and the construction of categories in discourse. Besides typology, she is also interested in semantic change and grammaticalization processes, and in the cross-linguistic coding of pragmatic phenomena. Her publications include Coordination Relations in Europe and Beyond (Mouton de Gruyter, 2008) and several papers in international journals such as Linguistics, Studies in Language, Journal of Pragmatics, and Language Sciences.
Andrea Sansò (PhD, University of Pavia, 2002) is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Insubria (Como, Italy). His main research interests are in language typology and historical linguistics, with special focus on voice constructions (passives, impersonals, antipassives) across languages and in diachrony. He has guest-edited a special issue of Language Sciences on the cross-linguistic relevance of the notion of (ir)realis together with Caterina Mauri (2012).
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.