Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the two major phases of early South Asian urbanization. The first, known as the Indus Civilization, dates between c.2600 and 1900 bce; while the second, known as the Early Historic period, dates from c.500 bce to ce 500. It outlines the ways in which cities in South Asia have been conceptualized in both the past and the present, followed by a discussion of the origin and structural makeup of the Indus and Early Historic cities. The environmental, landscape, and cultural context of these cities is also examined.
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