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date: 02 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The relationship between religion and the state has never been easy or harmonious for long. This article shows that is has taken many forms by presenting a historical overview of the variable relations that have existed between religions and the state with reference to several countries, including China, Brazil, and Poland. It notes the difference often overlooked between the relationship between politics and religion and that between religion and the state. While there is an increasing focus on the relations between religion and the state, few topics can be as relevant today as the ever-tighter link between religion and nationalism. This is not so surprising in many parts of the world, where the only effective language of political discourse is religious language.

Keywords: China, Brazil, state and religion, politics, nationalism

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