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date: 11 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article begins with a discussion of the essential duality of diplomacy – the ‘nothing is or will be different now or in the future’ perspective and the enthusiastic search for ‘newness’ and innovation, the focused concern with foreign ministries with the diverse dimensions taking in the larger state structures as well as the array of societal components, the mix of embedded craft techniques and enhanced speed, tools and multiplied options, and the search for core priorities amid the range of normative demands and mass of technical details on an issue-specific basis. The discussion then turns to the added complexity in which states and other international actors communicate, negotiate, and otherwise interact in the twenty-first century; the pressures faced by the foreign policy establishment; the need to redefine the meaning of ‘diplomat’; the purpose of diplomacy; and opportunities and risks as diplomacy moves to become more ‘service’ oriented.

Keywords: diplomacy, duality, foreign policy, diplomats

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