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date: 13 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses issues concerning the grammaticalisation of reference systems. It suggests that one of the interesting aspects of the grammaticalisation of reference is that a large variety of functions are coded by the same lexical sources, including deictic markers, existential verbs, and nouns marked for gender. It explains that the wide variety of functions coded in the domain of reference is made possible by combining these lexical sources with linear order, affixation, the use of full nouns, or the absence of any overt coding.

Keywords: reference systems, grammaticalisation, lexical sources, deictic markers, existential verbs, nouns, linear order, affixation

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