- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- About the Contributors
- The Case For a Multilateral Trade Organization
- The Inconsistent Quartet: Free Trade Versus Competing Goals
- Trade Liberalization And Domestic Politics
- The International Trade Organization
- The Expanding Mandate Of The Gatt: The First Seven Rounds
- The Uruguay Round Negotiations and the Creation of the WTO
- The Role of the Director-General and the Secretariat
- Defining the Borders of the WTO Agenda
- Collective Agency, Systemic Consequences: Bargaining Coalitions in the WTO
- The Influence of the EU in the World Trade System
- The Role of the United States: A Multilevel Explanation For Decreased Support Over Time
- The Role of the Brics in the WTO: System-Supporters or Change Agents in Multilateral Trade?
- Least-Developed Countries In The WTO: Growing Voice
- Awkward Partners: NGOs And Social Movements At The WTO
- What Happened To The Influence Of Business? Corporations and Organized Labour In The WTO
- Trade In Manufactures And Agricultural Products: The Dangerous Link?
- Trade In Services In The WTO: From Marrakesh (1994), To Doha (2001), to… (?)
- Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights
- Flexibilities, Rules, And Trade Remedies In The Gatt/WTO System
- Regulatory Measures
- The Trade Policy Review Mechanism
- Dispute Settlement Mechanism—Analysis And Problems
- The Dispute Settlement Mechanism At The WTO: The Appellate Body—Assessment And Problems
- WTO Judicial Interpretation
- The Dispute Settlement Mechanism: Ensuring Compliance?
- Persistent Deadlock In Multilateral Trade Negotiations: The Case Of Doha
- The Role Of Domestic Courts In The Implementation Of WTO Law: The Political Economy Of Separation Of Powers And Checks And Balances In International Trade Regulation
- Preferential Trading Arrangements
- New Trade Issues In Food, Agriculture, And Natural Resources
- Fairness In The WTO Trading System
- Labour Standards And Human Rights
- Trade And The Environment
- Proposals For WTO Reform: A Synthesis And Assessment
- The WTO And Institutional (In)Coherence In Global Economic Governance
Abstract and Keywords
This article addresses the links between international trade, human rights, and labour standards. The integration of global markets in goods and service, facilitated first by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and subsequently by the World Trade Organization, has been correlated with a decline in poverty and a general improvement in the status of women and children. But as cases of poor labour standards and human rights violations also abound, activists have argued for the establishment of international labour standards linked to market access within the WTO to remedy some of these violations. After providing a brief historical overview of the scant provisions on this subject in the multilateral trade regime, and the theoretical case for such standards, the article analyses seven labour standard categories, the link between globalization and human rights violations, and the market inefficiency or inequity that a standard would remedy. It concludes by looking at the implementation of labour standards in practice, focusing on the Generalized System of Preferences and the Better Factories Cambodia initiative.
Keywords: international trade, human rights, labour standards, Tariffs and Trade, World Trade Organization, globalization, human rights violations, market inefficiency, System of Preferences, Better Factories Cambodia
Drusilla Brown is an Associate Professor of Economics at Tufts University and is the Director of the International Relations Program.
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