- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- About the Contributors
- The Case For a Multilateral Trade Organization
- The Inconsistent Quartet: Free Trade Versus Competing Goals
- Trade Liberalization And Domestic Politics
- The International Trade Organization
- The Expanding Mandate Of The Gatt: The First Seven Rounds
- The Uruguay Round Negotiations and the Creation of the WTO
- The Role of the Director-General and the Secretariat
- Defining the Borders of the WTO Agenda
- Collective Agency, Systemic Consequences: Bargaining Coalitions in the WTO
- The Influence of the EU in the World Trade System
- The Role of the United States: A Multilevel Explanation For Decreased Support Over Time
- The Role of the Brics in the WTO: System-Supporters or Change Agents in Multilateral Trade?
- Least-Developed Countries In The WTO: Growing Voice
- Awkward Partners: NGOs And Social Movements At The WTO
- What Happened To The Influence Of Business? Corporations and Organized Labour In The WTO
- Trade In Manufactures And Agricultural Products: The Dangerous Link?
- Trade In Services In The WTO: From Marrakesh (1994), To Doha (2001), to… (?)
- Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights
- Flexibilities, Rules, And Trade Remedies In The Gatt/WTO System
- Regulatory Measures
- The Trade Policy Review Mechanism
- Dispute Settlement Mechanism—Analysis And Problems
- The Dispute Settlement Mechanism At The WTO: The Appellate Body—Assessment And Problems
- WTO Judicial Interpretation
- The Dispute Settlement Mechanism: Ensuring Compliance?
- Persistent Deadlock In Multilateral Trade Negotiations: The Case Of Doha
- The Role Of Domestic Courts In The Implementation Of WTO Law: The Political Economy Of Separation Of Powers And Checks And Balances In International Trade Regulation
- Preferential Trading Arrangements
- New Trade Issues In Food, Agriculture, And Natural Resources
- Fairness In The WTO Trading System
- Labour Standards And Human Rights
- Trade And The Environment
- Proposals For WTO Reform: A Synthesis And Assessment
- The WTO And Institutional (In)Coherence In Global Economic Governance
Abstract and Keywords
This article deals with one of the emerging challenges for the World Trade Organization (WTO) and examines the nexus between food, agriculture, and natural resources. It identifies in food trade a vital need for rules that reflect the globalization of food systems, including the emergence of private food standards and the possible updating of the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Agreement. Agriculture raises questions about the appropriateness of current trade rules as a backdrop for investments in agriculture, food production, and marketing in developing countries. In the area of natural resources, the development of rules on government ownership, or investment in land and other resources in other countries, could become an issue. And extending to several areas of primary products' trade is the need to strengthen the rules that constrain the use of export restrictions and taxes when commodity prices are high. The article also discusses price volatility as well as issues related to energy and the environment.
Timothy Josling is Professor, Emeritus, at the (former) Food Research Institute at Stanford University; a Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies; and a faculty member at the Institute’s Europe Center. His research focuses on agricultural policy and food policy in industrialized nations; international trade in agricultural and food products; the development of the multilateral trade regime; and the process of economic integration. He is currently studying the reform of the agricultural trading system in the World Trade Organization, including the current round of trade negotiations; the use of geographical indications in agricultural trade; the role of health and safety regulations in trade; the impact of climate change legislation on agricultural trade policies; and the treatment of biofuel subsidies in the WTO.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.