- Notes on Contributors
- Frederick Winslow Taylor
- Mind, Method, and Motion: Frank and Lillian Gilbreth
- Henri Fayol
- Mary Parker Follett
- George Elton Mayo
- Lyndall Urwick
- Chester Barnard and the Systems Approach to Nurturing Organizations
- The Tavistock Group
- Deeply Engaged, Intuitively Analytical and Determinedly Applied: Tom Burns and Joan Woodward in Context but not in Concert
- W. Edwards Deming
- The Life and Diverse Contributions of Dr J. M. Juran
- Edith Penrose's Contribution to Economics and Management Scholarship
- Peter F. Drucker
- Herbert Alexander Simon: Philosopher of the Organizational Life-World
- Alfred Chandler's Managerial Revolution: Developing and Utilizing Productive Resources
- The Aston Studies: A Journey Towards a Science of Administration?
- James March, Richard Cyert, and the Evolving Field of Organizations
- Geert Hofstede
- John Paul Kotter
- Henry Mintzberg
- The Competitive Advantage of Michael Porter
- Ikujiro Nonaka
- Sumantra Ghoshal
- C. K. Prahalad
Abstract and Keywords
Geert Hofstede is one of the major management thinkers in the field of cross-cultural studies. His ground-breaking employee-attitude survey conducted in the late 1960s and early 70s within an American electronic company (IBM) and its foreign subsidiaries led to findings, the analysis of which made significant contributions to our understanding of employee management. This article concentrates mainly on this study, but also on other smaller, related projects, which between them covered the major issues on culture and organizations. Hofstede’s immense role in understanding and recognition in the field of management is indisputable. He opened up new horizons in the field, and gave researchers a theoretical framework and practical research tools that could help them explain their findings via a new perspective. As a result, managers of multinational firms are better equipped to understand the diversity of their employees.
Monir Tayeb has been conducting research into the impact of national culture on organizations and their management styles, and the management of multinational companies since 1976. She has a BA in Business Studies from the University of Tehran, an M. Litt in organizational behaviour from the University of Oxford, and a PhD from Aston University in Birmingham. After the completion of her doctoral research in 1984, she worked for two years as a post-doctoral Research Fellow at the University of Sussex, where she was involved in an international project on national culture and leadership styles. From 1986 until her early retirement in 2005 she taught at Heriot-Watt University; her last position was Reader. She still participates in the university's undergraduate distance learning programme as a course author. Since 1989 to date she has been involved in the postgraduate distance learning programme at Edinburgh Business School as faculty-author. She has published several books and articles and contributed to a large number of edited books and international conferences.
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