Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the multiple, complex role of friends and peers (including peer pressure, teasing, social comparison, and cultural differences and influences). It begins by examining how peers exert their direct influence via negative comments such as teasing, encouragement, modelling, discussions, peer networks, and social comparisons. It then examines the associations between peer relationships and appearance/body image concerns. The role of friends is specifically examined. Friends can provide social support and intimacy; they may help children and adolescents to cope with insecurities, and serve as a buffer against emotional difficulties. The article also considers how the influence of peers and friends may vary according to gender, age, and cultural group.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.