- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: The Study of State and Local Politics and Policy
- Relations between State and National Governments
- Relations Between Local and National Governments
- Relations between State and Local Governments: The Home Court (Dis)Advantage
- Local Political Participation
- State Political Participation: Election Law, Electoral Competition, and Inequality
- Local and State Interest Group Organizations
- Local and State Political Parties
- Local Campaigns and Elections
- State Campaigns and Elections
- Early State History and Constitutions
- State Direct Democracy
- State Legislatures
- State Executives
- State Courts: Past, Present, and Future
- State Bureaucracy: Policy Delegation, Comparative Institutional Capacity, and Administrative Politics in the American States
- Local Boundaries
- Local Legislatures
- Local Executives
- Local Courts
- Local Bureaucracy
- The Context of Local Policymaking: Who or What Governs?
- The Context of State Policy Policymaking
- State Policy and Democratic Representation
- Local Policy and Democratic Representation
- Fiscal Policy in the American States
- State Economic Development
- Education Policy
- Social Welfare Policy
- Health Care Politics and Policy
- Criminal Justice Policy
- Morality Politics
- Environmental Policy
- State Regulatory Policy
- Policies Towards Minority Populations
- Sub-National Politics: A Methodological Perspective
- Sub-National Politics: A National Political Perspective
- Sub-National Politics: A Comparative Perspective
- Conclusion: The Study of State and Local Politics and Policy
Abstract and Keywords
The American states were involved in regulating business activity long before the federal government was, and they continue to play an important role in regulating the American economy today. In this chapter, we explore a number of important elements of state regulation. First, we explain the basic rationale for why states are involved in the regulation of business activity. Second, we explore the historical power relationships between the states and the federal government. Transaction cost economics can help explain why the federal government must frequently play a role of coordinator among the states, yet this power can also be used to pre-empt state authority and impose federal viewpoints on the states. Third, we examine the delegation of regulatory policy to state bureaucracies, a process that depends to a large extent on the salience and complexity of the policy issue, but also on the interplay of organized interests, legislators, and state attorneys general. Fourth, we discuss the policy diffusion and regulatory competition literatures and find that economic competition can affect the scope and intensity of state regulation, but some ambiguity remains as to how this effect is manifested. Finally, we make comparisons of the states to the European Union and its member states and finish with concluding thoughts.
Paul Teske is Dean and Distinguished Professor, School of Public Affairs, University of Colorado Denver.
Colin Provost is Lecturer in Public Policy at the School of Public Policy/Department of Political Science, and is Director of Environmental Governance at the Enviromnment Institute at University College London.
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