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date: 24 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter introduces the edited volume, The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Published in 2013, the centenary of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology, the chapter draws lessons from the last hundred years for the coming century. No predictions are made. Instead, five 'conditions for flourishing' are set out: 1) Particular Problems - the importance of focussing on well-defined particular problems rather than general theory building, 2) Product- orientation - remaining always responsibly product oriented in the specific sense that both sides (philosophers and practitioners) put in the work necessary to 'go deep' with each other's fields, 3) Partnership - working in partnerships of one kind or another (ranging from team work through to doubly qualified researchers), 4) Process - constant reflection on process based on peer review but leaving scope for the occasional rogue voice to cut innovatively against the grain, and 5) Q - a condition of a different kind, Q is an empirically derived measure of the balance between in-group cohesion and out-group openness required to support creativity. Illustrations are given of how these five conditions for flourishing have underpinned the rapid expansion of philosophy and psychiatry in the closing decades of the twentieth century, and, correspondingly, are also reflected in the Handbook as a whole. Overviews and commentaries on individual contributions to the Handbook are given in extended editorial introductions to each of its eight sections.

Keywords: Karl Jaspers, Carl Hempel, Aubrey Lewis, Norman Sartorius, World Health Organization, American Psychiatric Association, International Classification of Diseases, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, creativity

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