Abstract and Keywords
‘Constitutional identity’ is an essentially contested concept as there is no agreement over what it means or refers to. Conceptions of constitutional identity range from focus on the actual features and provisions of a constitution — for example, does it establish a presidential or parliamentary system, a unitary or federal state — to the relation between the constitution and the culture in which it operates, and to the relation between the identity of the constitution and other relevant identities, such as national, religious, or ideological identity. This article discusses the place and function of constitutional identity; the identity of constitutional models; identity and constitution-making; identity through constitutional interpretation; and the problem of identity in supranational constitutions.
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