- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Contributors
- Introduction, Papers in Laboratory Phonology I: Between the Grammar and Physics of Speech(Reprint)
- Conceptual Foundations of Phonology as a Laboratory Science (reprint)
- Nature and Types of Variation: Their Interpretation Within a Laboratory Phonology Perspective
- Speaker-Related Variation–Sociophonetic Factors
- Integrating Variation in Phonological Analysis: Variation: Where Laboratory and Theoretical Phonology Meet Modeling Phonological Variation
- Message-Related Variation: Segmental Within-Speaker Variation Tonal Variation
- System-Related Variation
- Multidimensional Representations of Knowledgeof Sound Structure
- Lexical Representations: Probing Underlying Representations Asymmetric Phonological Representations of Words in the Mental Lexicon The Lexicon: Not Just Elusive, But Illusory? The Dynamic Lexicon
- Phonological Elements: The Nature Of Distinctive Features and The Issue of Natural Classes Contrastive Tone and its Implementation Modeling Phonological Category Learning
- Organization of Phonological Elements: Articulatory Representation and Organization The Role of The Syllable Inthe Organization and Realization of Sound Systems The Temporal Implementation of Prosodic Structure
- Prosodic Representations: Prosodic Structure, Constituents, and Their Implementation Segment-To-Tone Association Tonal Alignment
- Phonological Representationsin Language Acquisition: Climbing The Ladder of Abstraction
- Changes In Representations: The Nature of Historical Change The Relationship Between Synchronic Variation and Diachronic Change Modeling Exemplar-Based Phonologization
- Integrating Different Perspectives: Insights From Production, Perception, and Acquisition
- Insights From Perception and Comprehension: How Perceptual and Cognitive Constraints Affect Learning of Speech Categories Representations of Speech Sound Patterns In The Speaker's Brain: Insights From Perception Studies
- Emergent Information-Level Coupling Between Perception and Production
- Insights From Acquisition and Learning: How Phonological Representations Develop During First-Language Acquisition Speech Processing In Bilingual and Multilingual Listeners Second-Language Speech Learning
- Methodologies and Resources
- Corpora, Databases, and Internet Resources: Corpus Phonology with Speech Resources Using The Internet For Collecting Phonological Data Speech Manipulation, Synthesis, and Automatic Recognition in Laboratory Phonology Phonotactic Patterns in Lexical Corpora
- Articulatory Analysis and Acoustic Modeling: Articulatory To Acoustic Modeling Ultrasound As a Tool For Speech Research Methodologies Used to Investigate Laryngeal Function and Aerodynamic Properties of Speech On The Acoustics and Aerodynamics of Fricatives
- Prosodic Analysis: Experimental Methods and Paradigms For Prosodic Analysis Data Collection For Prosodic Analysis of Continuous Speech and Dialectal Variation
- Encoding, Decoding, and Acquisition: Studying The Receptive Phonetic/Phonological System Experimental Methods and Designs To Investigate Phonological Encoding of Spoken Language Measuring Phonetic Perception In Adults Eye Movements As A Dependent Measure In Research On Spoken Language Neurophysiological Techniques In Laboratory Phonology
- Experimental Design and Data Collection: Socially Stratified Sampling in Laboratory-Based Phonological Experimentation Methods For Studying Spontaneous Speech Methods and Experimental Design For Studying Sociophonetic Variation
- Statistical Analyses: Statistics In Laboratory Phonology Mixed-Effects Models Clustering and Classification Methods
Abstract and Keywords
This article presents experimental approaches to prosodic analysis and describes the design and analysis of prosodic corpora of both naturalistic and controlled speech. An important area of investigation within the articulatory phonology framework has used kinematic data of articulator gestures obtained using electromagnetic midsagittal articulography (EMMA) to study the intragestural dynamics of boundary-adjacent lengthening phenomena. This work interprets boundary-adjacent lengthening as a local slowing of the gestures in the immediate vicinity of sufficiently strong prosodic boundaries at multiple levels. Another research area in which facial and gestural articulatory analysis has been performed is that of visual prosody. One method that comes from the study of consonantal contrasts and which has been applied to the study of tonal and intonational contrasts across languages is the categorical perception (CP) paradigm. The CP paradigm involves an identification/classification task in which the listeners have to categorize stimuli taken from a continuum, and a discrimination task in which listeners are asked to judge pairs of stimuli as being either the same or different. The CP paradigm has been applied to tonal languages and intonational languages, boundary tones and pitch accents, and in terms of either differences in peak alignment or differences in pitch height. The gating paradigm methodology is aimed at studying the speakers' online performance with an identification task when only part of the speech signal is available.
Pilar Prieto is ICREA Research Professor affiliated to the Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Her research interests focus on the interaction between phonology and phonetics in intonation, audiovisual prosody, and the acquisition of prosody.
Brechtje Post is Lecturer in Phonetics and Phonology in the Department for Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, University of Cambridge. Her research interests include intonational phonetics and phonology, speech processing, prosodic phonology, and the acquisition of prosody.
Francis Nolan is Professor of Phonetics in the Department of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, University of Cambridge. His research addresses aspects of phonetic theory including connected speech processes, speaker characteristics, variation in English, prosody, and forensic phonetics.
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