- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Contributors
- Introduction, Papers in Laboratory Phonology I: Between the Grammar and Physics of Speech(Reprint)
- Conceptual Foundations of Phonology as a Laboratory Science (reprint)
- Nature and Types of Variation: Their Interpretation Within a Laboratory Phonology Perspective
- Speaker-Related Variation–Sociophonetic Factors
- Integrating Variation in Phonological Analysis: Variation: Where Laboratory and Theoretical Phonology Meet Modeling Phonological Variation
- Message-Related Variation: Segmental Within-Speaker Variation Tonal Variation
- System-Related Variation
- Multidimensional Representations of Knowledgeof Sound Structure
- Lexical Representations: Probing Underlying Representations Asymmetric Phonological Representations of Words in the Mental Lexicon The Lexicon: Not Just Elusive, But Illusory? The Dynamic Lexicon
- Phonological Elements: The Nature Of Distinctive Features and The Issue of Natural Classes Contrastive Tone and its Implementation Modeling Phonological Category Learning
- Organization of Phonological Elements: Articulatory Representation and Organization The Role of The Syllable Inthe Organization and Realization of Sound Systems The Temporal Implementation of Prosodic Structure
- Prosodic Representations: Prosodic Structure, Constituents, and Their Implementation Segment-To-Tone Association Tonal Alignment
- Phonological Representationsin Language Acquisition: Climbing The Ladder of Abstraction
- Changes In Representations: The Nature of Historical Change The Relationship Between Synchronic Variation and Diachronic Change Modeling Exemplar-Based Phonologization
- Integrating Different Perspectives: Insights From Production, Perception, and Acquisition
- Insights From Perception and Comprehension: How Perceptual and Cognitive Constraints Affect Learning of Speech Categories Representations of Speech Sound Patterns In The Speaker's Brain: Insights From Perception Studies
- Emergent Information-Level Coupling Between Perception and Production
- Insights From Acquisition and Learning: How Phonological Representations Develop During First-Language Acquisition Speech Processing In Bilingual and Multilingual Listeners Second-Language Speech Learning
- Methodologies and Resources
- Corpora, Databases, and Internet Resources: Corpus Phonology with Speech Resources Using The Internet For Collecting Phonological Data Speech Manipulation, Synthesis, and Automatic Recognition in Laboratory Phonology Phonotactic Patterns in Lexical Corpora
- Articulatory Analysis and Acoustic Modeling: Articulatory To Acoustic Modeling Ultrasound As a Tool For Speech Research Methodologies Used to Investigate Laryngeal Function and Aerodynamic Properties of Speech On The Acoustics and Aerodynamics of Fricatives
- Prosodic Analysis: Experimental Methods and Paradigms For Prosodic Analysis Data Collection For Prosodic Analysis of Continuous Speech and Dialectal Variation
- Encoding, Decoding, and Acquisition: Studying The Receptive Phonetic/Phonological System Experimental Methods and Designs To Investigate Phonological Encoding of Spoken Language Measuring Phonetic Perception In Adults Eye Movements As A Dependent Measure In Research On Spoken Language Neurophysiological Techniques In Laboratory Phonology
- Experimental Design and Data Collection: Socially Stratified Sampling in Laboratory-Based Phonological Experimentation Methods For Studying Spontaneous Speech Methods and Experimental Design For Studying Sociophonetic Variation
- Statistical Analyses: Statistics In Laboratory Phonology Mixed-Effects Models Clustering and Classification Methods
Abstract and Keywords
This article presents the nature and the implementation of prosodic representations. The prosodic structure is considered to be fundamentally different from the morphosyntactic structure in that it is crucially flatter. The work on the prosodic phrasing of European Portuguese (EP) has provided similar data to that reported for Korean. EP has been shown to have a phonological phrase level and an intonational phrase level. The phonological phrases (PhP) plays an important role in the account of rhythmic and prominence-related phenomena such as the clash between two adjacent stressed syllables is solved by the lengthening of the first of the syllables if both of them belong to the same PhP, but not across a PhP boundary. Phrasal phonological processes in many languages have been among the cues to prosodic phrasing. One of the areas where the realization of segments and tones are affected by the implementation of prosodic structure is constituent-initial strengthening, a set of phenomena to the study of which laboratory phonology approaches have strongly contributed. Both acoustic and articulatory studies have shown that initial strengthening is highly correlated with constituency (or phrasal) level, although all the levels posited in the various studies are not necessarily distinguished either within or across languages.
Sónia Frota is Assistant Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the Universidade de Lisboa and Director of the Phonetics Laboratory and Lisbon Baby Lab. Her research focuses on prosodic and intonational phonology, the syntax-phonology interface, and acquisition and processing of prosody.
Amalia Arvaniti is Associate Professor of Linguistics at the University of California, San Diego and co-organizer of LabPhon IV. Her research focuses on the realization and representation of intonation and speech rhythm, and the interaction of intonation and pragmatics cross-linguistically.
Mariapaola D'Imperio is Professor of Phonetics and Phonology at the University Aix-Marseille I and co-organizer of LabPhon 10. Her main research interests are intonational phonology, prosody and meaning in Romance language, and speech production and perception.
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