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date: 28 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article presents the nature and the implementation of prosodic representations. The prosodic structure is considered to be fundamentally different from the morphosyntactic structure in that it is crucially flatter. The work on the prosodic phrasing of European Portuguese (EP) has provided similar data to that reported for Korean. EP has been shown to have a phonological phrase level and an intonational phrase level. The phonological phrases (PhP) plays an important role in the account of rhythmic and prominence-related phenomena such as the clash between two adjacent stressed syllables is solved by the lengthening of the first of the syllables if both of them belong to the same PhP, but not across a PhP boundary. Phrasal phonological processes in many languages have been among the cues to prosodic phrasing. One of the areas where the realization of segments and tones are affected by the implementation of prosodic structure is constituent-initial strengthening, a set of phenomena to the study of which laboratory phonology approaches have strongly contributed. Both acoustic and articulatory studies have shown that initial strengthening is highly correlated with constituency (or phrasal) level, although all the levels posited in the various studies are not necessarily distinguished either within or across languages.

Keywords: prosodic phrasing, syntactic constraints, phonological structures, phonetic phenomena, rhythmic phenomena

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