- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Contributors
- Introduction, Papers in Laboratory Phonology I: Between the Grammar and Physics of Speech(Reprint)
- Conceptual Foundations of Phonology as a Laboratory Science (reprint)
- Nature and Types of Variation: Their Interpretation Within a Laboratory Phonology Perspective
- Speaker-Related Variation–Sociophonetic Factors
- Integrating Variation in Phonological Analysis: Variation: Where Laboratory and Theoretical Phonology Meet Modeling Phonological Variation
- Message-Related Variation: Segmental Within-Speaker Variation Tonal Variation
- System-Related Variation
- Multidimensional Representations of Knowledgeof Sound Structure
- Lexical Representations: Probing Underlying Representations Asymmetric Phonological Representations of Words in the Mental Lexicon The Lexicon: Not Just Elusive, But Illusory? The Dynamic Lexicon
- Phonological Elements: The Nature Of Distinctive Features and The Issue of Natural Classes Contrastive Tone and its Implementation Modeling Phonological Category Learning
- Organization of Phonological Elements: Articulatory Representation and Organization The Role of The Syllable Inthe Organization and Realization of Sound Systems The Temporal Implementation of Prosodic Structure
- Prosodic Representations: Prosodic Structure, Constituents, and Their Implementation Segment-To-Tone Association Tonal Alignment
- Phonological Representationsin Language Acquisition: Climbing The Ladder of Abstraction
- Changes In Representations: The Nature of Historical Change The Relationship Between Synchronic Variation and Diachronic Change Modeling Exemplar-Based Phonologization
- Integrating Different Perspectives: Insights From Production, Perception, and Acquisition
- Insights From Perception and Comprehension: How Perceptual and Cognitive Constraints Affect Learning of Speech Categories Representations of Speech Sound Patterns In The Speaker's Brain: Insights From Perception Studies
- Emergent Information-Level Coupling Between Perception and Production
- Insights From Acquisition and Learning: How Phonological Representations Develop During First-Language Acquisition Speech Processing In Bilingual and Multilingual Listeners Second-Language Speech Learning
- Methodologies and Resources
- Corpora, Databases, and Internet Resources: Corpus Phonology with Speech Resources Using The Internet For Collecting Phonological Data Speech Manipulation, Synthesis, and Automatic Recognition in Laboratory Phonology Phonotactic Patterns in Lexical Corpora
- Articulatory Analysis and Acoustic Modeling: Articulatory To Acoustic Modeling Ultrasound As a Tool For Speech Research Methodologies Used to Investigate Laryngeal Function and Aerodynamic Properties of Speech On The Acoustics and Aerodynamics of Fricatives
- Prosodic Analysis: Experimental Methods and Paradigms For Prosodic Analysis Data Collection For Prosodic Analysis of Continuous Speech and Dialectal Variation
- Encoding, Decoding, and Acquisition: Studying The Receptive Phonetic/Phonological System Experimental Methods and Designs To Investigate Phonological Encoding of Spoken Language Measuring Phonetic Perception In Adults Eye Movements As A Dependent Measure In Research On Spoken Language Neurophysiological Techniques In Laboratory Phonology
- Experimental Design and Data Collection: Socially Stratified Sampling in Laboratory-Based Phonological Experimentation Methods For Studying Spontaneous Speech Methods and Experimental Design For Studying Sociophonetic Variation
- Statistical Analyses: Statistics In Laboratory Phonology Mixed-Effects Models Clustering and Classification Methods
Abstract and Keywords
This article explores issues relating to the organizing structures of speech. Combinatorial phonological units are discrete, qualitative, and context-invariant, while speech is continuous and highly context-dependent. A gesture is a functional unit of action that achieves a specified task. Laboratory phonology work has developed both theoretical models and empirical methods following the consequences of defining syllable structure as patterns or modes of temporal coordination among phonetic primitives. The approach is possible when the primitives are articulatory units that have observable, dynamic temporal properties among which abstract coordination relations can be defined. One of the significant implications of the coordination topology model of syllable structure is that it opens the possibility of using temporal properties of articulatory events to infer syllabification. Syllable-based accounts refer either to the syllabic affiliation of segments such as lenition or neutralization of coda consonants, vowel epenthesis in complex codas, or to syllable shape such as vowel laxing or shortening in closed syllables, stress attraction to heavy syllables. Words composed of more frequent syllables are produced faster than words composed of less frequent syllables. Durational effects used to implement prosodic structure are traditionally described as lengthenings and shortenings implying default phrase-medial monosyllabic durations adjusted by the speakers.
Adamantios Gafos is Professor of Linguistics at New York University and Senior Scientist at Haskins Laboratories. His interests lie at the intersection of phonology and cognitive science.
Louis Goldstein is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Southern California, Senior Scientist at Haskins Laboratories, and co-organizer of LabPhon 8. His main research interest is in dynamical modeling of articulatory organization in speech production, phonetics, and phonology.
Marie-Hélène Côté is Associate Professor and Chair of Linguistics at the University of Ottawa. Her research addresses the role of perceptual factors in phonological processes, the status of the syllable, and treatment of variation, with particular attention to French.
Alice Turk is Professor of Linguistic Phonetics at the University of Edinburgh. Her research interests are in speech production, speech perception, and prosodic organization, with a particular focus on speech timing.
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