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date: 15 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides an overview of the wetland resources of the Middle East, summarizes the somewhat meagre evidence for the preservation of wetland archaeology, and discusses how formation processes have configured the landscape record to obscure what must once have been a much richer landscape record. It also presents the current state of play in terms of wetland evidence in the region, discussing them in chronological order from Palaeolithic to the most recent. The discussions cover the recovery of wetland artefacts; environment, climate change, and wetland development; coastal wetlands; prehistoric sites in Anatolia and Syria; the site of Tell Oueli in southern Mesopotamia; Mesopotamian civilization and wetlands; and wrecks and submerged boats.

Keywords: Middle East, wetlands, Palaeolithic, wetland artefacts, environment, climate change, Syria, Tell Oueli, Mesopotamia

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